Saturday, October 17, 2015

The Dalton's Raid on the Banks in Coffeyville, Kansas

Map of Coffeyville, Kansas
October 5, 1892
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Yellow marks the spot where the Ullom Restaurant (Walnut St.) and
Farmer's Home (115 West 8th St.) were located. 
To enlarge, click on photo and zoom screen until you can see the map clearly.
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The Daltons Are Dead!

They Have Made Their Last Raid – Bob, Emmet and Grat All Bite the Dust.
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AND OTHER LIVES GO, TOO.
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A Daring Attempt to Rob the Banks at Coffeyville, Kas, Results in the Loss of Ten Lives.
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Intense Excitement as the News Goes Broadcast.
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DEAD:
Bob Dalton, desperado.
Grat Dalton, desperado.
Tom Heddy, desperado.
Joe Mingo, desperado,
C.T. Connelly, marshal of Coffeyville.
George Cubine, merchant.
Charles Brown, shoemaker.

FATALLY WOUNDED.
Emmett Dalton, desperado.
Thomas G. Ayers, cashier First Nat. bank.
Lucius Baldwin, clerk in Brown’s shoe store.

SLIGHTLY WOUNDED.
T. Reynolds, citizen.
Louis Dietz, citizen.
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The Dalton band of outlaws, the most notorious in the West, was wiped off the face of the earth at Coffeyville, Kansas, yesterday, but in the battle which resulted in their extermination three good citizens were killed and two fatally wounded.

The desperadoes, who had grown bolder as they thought that they were above all law and that the officers of the country were powerless against them, had attempted to raid, the banks of this their old home when they met the fate which they so well merited, but which they had heretofore escaped. Had they confined their efforts to train robbery they might now be alive, but emulation of the James boys proved their deaths. This was their first attempt at bank robbery and their last piece of outlawry.

BOLD RAID ON THE BANKS.

The six outlaws rode into Coffeyville together on horseback about 9:30 o’clock and leaving their horses in an alley, walked rapidly across the square and four entered Condon’s banks and two the First National.

At Condon’s bank the desperadoes were told by Cashier Ball that the time lock would not be open until 10 o’clock, so holding their Winchesters on Ball and Teller Charles Carpenter, said they would wait, taking meanwhile, the money in the drawer.

Bob and Emmett Dalton were the two who took in the First National. Here were Cashier Ayers, his son Bert and Teller W. II. Shepherd. They were forced to give all the money in the safe which was hastily shoved into bags.

The Daltons then forced the three out of the front door and followed right after them.

CITIZENS AND OUTLAWS BATTLE.

The alarm had in the meantime been given and as the outlaws appeared George Cubine, a merchant, and Express Agent Cox shot at one of them, badly wounding him. The outlaws then returned the fire, killing Cubine.

The robbers in Condon & Co., bank shot out of the window, hitting Ayers and Brown.

Both robbers ran back through the bank when they were met by Baldwin and fatally wounded him.

The citizens being thoroughly aroused by this time, were after them hot and heavy and after a fight in which City Marshall Connelly was killed succeeded in killing the four desperadoes named and mortally wounded Emmet.

A LIVERY MAN’S DEADLY AIM.

Jim Spears, a livery stable keeper, with Winchester rifle, killed three of the outlaws in as many seconds. This created such a diversion that other citizens were enabled to get close enough to kill another one of the robbers.

The two remaining robbers dropped their plunder and mounted their horses, but a posse was quickly in pursuit and one more of the bandit gang fell from his horse mortally wounded about two miles from town. The sixth and last was still being pursued at latest accounts.

The man who got away is supposed to be Allie Ogee.

All of the money was recovered to a cent and turned over to the banks.

EMMETT DALTON CONFESSES.

Emmet Dalton has made a partial confession that his gang was the same that robbed the Pacific express car on the Missouri, Kansas & Texas railroad at Adair station in the Indian Territory last July and committed other daring robberies.
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The Coffeyville Journal
(Coffeyville, KS, Elliott Printing Co, Friday, October 7, 1892)

Column 2, Paragraph 1, Line 50, Page 2 – Emmett Dalton was removed to Dr. Well's office and dressed.

Col. 7, Paragraph 1, Page 2 – Sheriff Callahan made preparations to remove Emmett Dalton to the jail at Independence this morning, but was compelled to abandon the attempt on account of the manifest disposition of the people to resist anything of the kind. It is safe to say that Dalton would have been taken away from the sheriff and hung, if the sheriff had taken him out of the room where he is confined at the Farmer's Hotel.


Col. 7, Paragraph 3, Page 2 – It was the intention of the Daltons to leave their horses at the hitch rack north of Ullm's restaurant and in front of McCoy's, but they found the street in that locality all torn up and piles of rocks stacked about and the hitching posts gone. They were compelled to change their plans at the last moment. They would have had ten chances in one in escaping from the city had their first plan not been interfered with. They dropped into a place where our people had them at a decided disadvantage.

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The Dalton Brothers and Their Astounding Career of Crime. By an Eyewitness. (Chicago, Laird & Lee, 1892; reprinted by New York, Jingle-Bob, 1977).
p. 142 -- The landlord of the queer little hostlery, the sketch of which is to be found in this little volume and which was called by the rather ambitious name of the Farmer's Home, told his friends, since the destruction of the Dalton gang set his tongue free-that, more than once, had he been awakened, in the dead of night by Bob knocking at his window, he had been forced, on those occasions, to admit the robber chief and those of his men that were with him. The landlady had been called upon to prepare a warm supper for the "gentlemen of the highway." and to accept their thanks--instead of their money. At the time, the terror those precocious bandits inspired was such that there was no thought of refusing them anything or any imprudent talking, the next day, over the incident.
p. 197 - Emmett Dalton passed this first night in continuous pain. Amputation of his arm was suggested, but he would not consent. At noon of the next day, he was removed to the Farmer's Home, the little frame boarding-house the Dalton brothers used to patronize on their nightly excursions and there he lay in the front room of the smaller building, for the next five days, exposed to the gaze of hundreds.

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Coffeyville Journal, July 28, 1928, p. 1, Col. 6. --
ULLOM FUNERAL AT 2 P.M. TOMORROW
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Rites for Pioneer Hotel Man Will be Conducted at Skinner's -- Burial in Elmwood.
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The body of Alford Ullom, 81 years old, pioneer hotel operator of Coffeyville, who died at his farm home near Elkhart, Kan., Thursday, arrived here this afternoon and was taken to the Skinner funeral home to lie in state until the funeral hour tomorrow.
Funeral services will be held in the chapel of the Skinner funeral home tomorrow afternoon at 2 o'clock, conducted by Rev. O.P.Garlock, pastor of the United Brethren church. Burial will be in Elmwood cemetery by the side of his first wife, Mrs. Samantha J. Ullom, who died here in 1891.
*****
Died July 26, 1928
Buried at Elmwood Cemetary, Coffeyville, KS.
Block 19, Lot 1, Plot 7.
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The Farmer's Home on 8th Street.

(Note: Building farthest to your left.)
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Coffeyville Journal, Saturday, July 28, 1928 --

BERT ULLOM MAKES FIRST VISIT SINCE HE LEFT HERE IN 1892

Bert Ullom, Indianapolis bricklayer here to attend the funeral of his father, Alford Ullom, who died Thursday at his home near Elkhart, Kan., this morning grew reminiscent of early days in Coffeyville, which he left with his parents in 1892. He had not seen the town since until he arrived here yesterday.

Ullom's father, who will be buried tomorrow afternoon at 2, kept the old Farmers' Home hotel, which stood at the corner of Eighth and Walnut streets, on the site now occupied by the Florae drug store.

Ullom, who was a youth of twenty years when the Dalton raid took place, remembers distinctly incidents that occurred in Coffeyville on that day, and this morning stated that Emmett Dalton, the youngest member of the marauding band, after he was shot from his horse as he prepared to leave town when all of his comrades had been slain, was carried to the office of Dr. Walter H. Wells, over the old Slosson drug store.

After the youth's wounds were dressed, according to Ullom, Emmett was removed from Dr. Wells' office to what was then known as the Upham building, standing on the site of the present Traction building. Emmett never was taken to the Farmers' Home, Ullom declared.

Ullom, who lived with his parents in the Farmer's Home, heard shots in the street that memorable day, and, fired with boyish curiosity, tore excitedly out into the street. Grat Dalton had just come out of the Condon National Bank, and young Ullom stopped not ten feet from the outlaw and saw the Daltons shoot down two shoemakers, Brown and Cubine, who had appeared across the street.

After the battle had ended by the deaths of the gangsters, the mother of the Dalton boys came to Coffeyville and put up at the Farmers Home, while she saw three of her sons buried and one sent to the state prison.

Ullom came here last night for the funeral of his father and plans to return to Indianapolis tomorrow night. He grew to manhood in this city, and was a boyhood friend to Mayor Harry Lang, on whom he called this morning.

Mr. Ullom, who formerly operated the old Farmers Home hotel here at Eighth and Walnut Streets, left here with his family in January, 1892, and after living a time at Streator, IL., moved to Elkhart, where he lived until his death Thursday.

He is survived by his second wife, Mrs. Tacy Ullom, formerly Miss Tacy Berry of Coffeyville, and thirteen children. There are six children by his first wife; Mrs. Linna Karstedt of Indianapolis, Mrs. Hannah Warner of Chicago, Mrs. J. H. Nixon of Chicago, Bert Ullom of Indianapolis, Clarence Ullom of Los Angeles and James Ullom of Houston. The seven children by his second wife are Mrs. Mabel Griffith, Miss Laura Ullom, Frank Ullom, Lawrence Ullom, Ronald Ullom, John Ullom, all of Elkhart, and E. C. Ullom of Streator, IL. Practically all of the relatives will be here for the funeral.

The deceased was born May 12, 1847, in Wetzel County, W.Va. He came to Coffeyville with his family about 1878, and operated hotels at different locations here until 1892.

A sister of his second wife, Mrs. Fay Clark, lives at 1512 Walnut street.
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Clarence Ullom Remembers, March 21, 1929 --

CAFE MAN WAS SCHOOL MATE OF EMMETT DALTON
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Conversation concerning "tough hombres" and "bad men" in the Shultz and Holder Barber Shop the other morning prompted CL Ullom, proprietor of the Golden Rule Coffee Shop to relate his personal reminiscences of the Dalton brothers who terrorized Southeastern Kansas and the Osage country adjoining in the early 90's.

Mr. Ullom went to school with Emmet Dalton, the youngest of the gang and knew the other boys personally, he said. He was in Coffeyville when the gang was wiped out following an attempted bank robbery. Emmet, his old school mate who was 19 years old on the day of the affray, was shot down in the streets of Coffeyville with 24 buck shot in his back. He was taken into the office of Mr. Ullom's father, who died but recently on his Texas County farm east of Elkhart, and given medical treatment. Upon hearing that a mob was on its way to get him for hanging, young Dalton asked for a gun and asked everyone to clear out and let him meet the mob. He was taken to the penitentiary from Coffeyville, Mr. Ullom said.
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The Old Timers As I Remember Them. By Chester C. Tucker. c.1963.

ULLUM CAFÉ = was run by a brother of John and Ronald Ullum. He called it the Golden Rule Café. It was located in the Muney building.
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When the Daltons Rode
By Emmett Dalton in collaboration with Jack Jungmeyer.
(Garden City, NY, Doubleday, 1931)

p. 234 – We were . . . acquainted with all the prominent merchants and with every law officer of the town of Coffeyville.



p. 262 – After the Coffeyville battle I was carried to a vacant room above Slausson's Drugstore. There I lay on a long bare table the rest of that day and night. It was thought I should die of my many and serious wounds. The following afternoon I was removed to a room in the little hotel where I lay five days more.


p. 263 – In the hotel room I was under the watch of a single guard most of the time.

p. 264 – With ghoulish curiosity the visitors thronged the streets. They gaped up at the window of my hotel room.
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Coffeyville Journal, Tues. October 19, 1937 --

MRS. TACY ULLOM DIES AT ELKHART
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Widow of Early-day Farmer's Hotel Proprietor in Coffeyville Succumbed Yesterday.
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Mrs. Tacy E. Ullom, 69, widow of Alfred Ullom, proprietor of the Farmer's hotel here before leaving Coffeyville forty-two years ago, died yesterday at Elkhart, Kan. She had been in failing health six years, and had been confined to bed part-time since suffering a hip injury in a fall last January. She was born July 30, 1868, in Washington.

The Farmer's hotel was at the intersection of the alley at the 100 block on West Eighth street, the present location of the Traction building. Emmett Dalton, wounded in the raid on the banks here in 1892, remained at the Farmer's hotel while convalescing, early-day residents recalled today.

Mrs. Ullom is survived by two daughters, Mrs. Mable Griffith and Miss Laura B. Ullom, both of Elkhart: six sons, Ellsworth of Streator, Ill. and Lawrence, Ronald, Frank, John and Clarence of Elkhart; one sister, Mrs. Fay Clark, 1512 Walnut street, Coffeyville; and one brother, Levett Berry of Warner, Okla.

The body will be removed here tomorrow. Funeral services, in charge of the Rev. James E. Ivy, pastor of the First Church of God will be held at 2:30 o'clock Thursday afternoon at the Skinner funeral home. Burial will be in Elmwood cemetery, beside the remains of Mr. Ullom, who died nine years ago.
*****
Died: October 18, 1937
Buried at Elmwood Cemetery, Coffeyville, Kansas
Block 19, Lot 1, Plot
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Emmett Dalton lying in his room in the Farmer's Home.

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The Dalton Gang.
By Harold Preece
(New York, Signet Books, 1963.)
pp. 130-131 – Kansas living on the border of turbulent Oklahoma had became as fearful as their forebears who had been compelled to put up with Missouri as a neighbor. But the Daltons also had friends and tickbirds in the Jayhawker state, including men who did business with Brother Bill and a certain Coffeyville innkeeper who was always ready to extend them hospitality in stealthy post-midnight visits.
p. 163 – Later, when prices had accumulated on their heads, making post-midnight visits to a hotel called the Farmer's Rest, where the frightened -- or, maybe, friendly -- proprietor always scraped them up a meal.
pp. 189-190 – On the next morning, Emmett was moved to the Farmers' Home Hotel.
p. 197 – Only on October 8, three days after the robbery, did Ransom Payne arrive to play his bit part in the Dalton drama. He called on Emmett, sick and shot up, at the Farmer's Rest Hotel.
p. 210 – No authentic history of the Daltons could be written during his [Emmett's] lifetime; invariably he threatened to sue the author. No magazine article could be published unless it featured his distorted interpretations, make the brothers look like lightly transgressing angels. He was constantly on the lookout for authors who would do the Dalton story according to Emmett.

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Outlaws on Horseback.
By Harry Sinclair Drago
(New York; Dodd, Mead, & Co., 1964).

p. 229 -- the bloodiest fifteen minutes in the annuals of Western outlawry. Four citizens killed; four wounded among the defenders. On the other side of the ledger, Bob and Grat Dalton, Dick Broadwell and Bill Powers were dead, Emmett lying helpless in the Farmers' Home, a small inn on Eighth Street, to which he had been removed after the battle by Sheriff Callahan and placed under guards.

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By Our Calculations, at the time of the Raid:
Clarence Ullom, 1st son of Alford & Samantha Pitman Ullom (d. 1891) was 22 yrs.
Bert, 20 yrs.
Jim, 18 yrs.
Hannah, 13 yrs.
Lina, 11 yrs.
Ollie, 7 yrs.
Alford & 2nd wife: Miss Tacy Berry, were married September 22, 1892, approximately 12 days before the raid by a Methodist minister.
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More to Read:
1. Alford Ullom Biography
2. The Dalton Defenders Museum
3. Emmett Dalton website
4. Emmett Dalton's Findagrave Memorial #3568
5. Dalton Gang Photograph (small boy's face peering through the fence is Ray H. Clark).
6. Wikipedia article on the Daltons

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Interesting Twist! 
The Editor of the Coffeeville Journal was Daniel Woodson. Daniel knew my paternal third-great grandfather, Elder Martin White, as they served in the 1857 Kansas Territorial Legislature in Lecompton, KS together and Woodson possibly knew of or knew both my maternal great-grandparents, Benjamin Franklin Berry of Parker, Kansas and Alford Ullom of Coffeyville, Kansas. As you can tell by the above, there were several articles written about the Dalton Raid that was published in the Coffeyville Journal newspaper. My parents didn't meet until some 60 years later after the Dalton Raid. 
And speaking of the Dalton's, James Lewis Dalton was born in the same county and state as Martin White. 

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