Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Miller County Historical Society Museum

Anyone with an interest in the history of Miller County (org. 1837) in central Missouri or in the pioneers who lived here ought to visit the Miller County Historical Society’s Museum. It is located next to the new courthouse in Tuscumbia.
The Miller County Historical Society began in 1979, with the museum opening in 1980 in the jail adjacent to the old County Courthouse. It moved, in 1991, to the former Anchor Milling native stone building as their exhibits expanded. The museum has recently been remodeled and a new wing added on for a genealogy library. Two historic log cabins have been moved to the grounds next to the museum and Nancy Thompson joined the museum as director.
They love donations of materials from the history of Miller County like objects and pictures for exhibits, and genealogy scrapbooks for the library. They have added many books, records such as probate, marriage, and obituaries and set up computers for online research too. Much of the county’s historical information has been made available on their website as well. Exhibits include the Civil War, quilts, the Osage River port & steamship history, Lee Mace & the Ozark Opry, an old country store, an old-fashioned schoolroom, and so forth.
The museum is run by volunteers and depends solely upon fund raisers, donations, and the society’s membership fees to run the museum. My husband is a life-time member. The cost of touring the museum is FREE.
Call, write, or see their website for current schedule and other information.
Miller County Historical Society Museum, PO Box 57, 2005 Hwy 52, Tuscumbia, MO 65082, 573-369-3500
 Have you ever considered using calling cards or business cards to document your ancestor?
I was rummaging through some old business cards I had and found two that I can say with certainty fall into the historical document list as these people are no longer in the leadership role these cards portray.
You are seeing correctly! I removed the personal telephone information from these two business cards, but all the other information for the Historical Society Museum is correct.

Sunday, November 8, 2015

The Rush Report. 2003

Gaynelle Jenkins Moore has compiled and published several books of her family history and its allied lines. "The Rush Report," is one such book and it is of the descendants of William and Henson Rush, along with the allied families of Bittle, Farley, Johnston, Loveall, Mertell, McAlister, Spalding, Williams and Winters. It covers 3433 descendants and 15 generations on 530 (8 ½" x 11") pages. It has over 200 photos with an index and comb binding.
Previous books were "The Spalding Report," "The Jenkins Family @1998," and "Eugene, Missouri: The Town that Lived (and Died) with the Railroad." Her newest book is  "The Loveall Report" published in 2010. Each of her books were published in limited editions.
2015 Update: Gaynelle sent me word that she has completely sold out of all her genealogy books and will not reprint them, however, the Midwest Genealogy Center in Independence, MO and the Miller County Genealogical Society do have reference copies you may view.

Monday, November 2, 2015

The Emerick vs. Astor Affair

 New York, May 25. -- [Special.] --

Heirs of John Nicholas Emerick, furrier, merchant and one time business associate of Stephen Girard, began suit in the United State District court today for two-thirds of the proceeds of the estate of John Jacob-Astor Sr., who founded the Astor family and fortune in this country and died March 29, 1848.

Grounds for the suit, according to the bill of complaint are that Emerick met Astor when he was a poor boy, taught him the business, made him a one-third partner in 1737 and later made him trustee of his estate for ninety years, after which it was to be divided among the descendants of Emerick's brothers, Christopher and Valentine. John Nicholas Emerick being a bachelor. A sum estimated at $39,000,000 is . . . the suit.

 By Associated Press.
NEW YORK, May 25.--A law suit that harks back 150 years to the days when John Jacob Astor was a poor boy in a new country was begun today in the Federal District Court, where descendants of John Nicholas Emerick, Astor's partner, seek two-thirds of the half a billion dollar estate the original Emerick is reputed to have left.

The action is bathed in an aura of romance and hinges upon an arrangement by which Emerick is alleged to . . . established Astor as the trustee in a 90-year trust of his interest in their partnership. At the expiration of that period, Astor, or his heirs was to have divided the estate between descendants of Emerich's two brothers, John and Valentine.

In the complaint filed today it is alleged that in 1902, when the trust had only three years more to run, a legal representative of the elder Astor's estate told a descendant of John Emerick of the trust agreement. The Emerick estate, this lawyer then said, was worth $30,000,000 at that time.

Tradition tells that Emerick died on a fur-laden vessel in 1817 and was buried at sea off the Labrador coast. He left no will, it was believed, but in recent years heirs in many sections of the country have pushed a vigorous search for the document which they believed would bring them a fortune.

More than 300 such heirs have appeared to file their claims to the Emerick estate, and last December a paper now said to be Emerick's will was found in the lining of an old trunk. What purports to be a copy of the alleged trust agreement between Astor and Emerick also is offered in the present suit.

The plaintiffs in this suit are Edna Carnahan of Eau Claire, Wis., Christina Campbell of Appleton, Wis., and John Thomas Emerick of Waukegan, Ill. All of them are descendants of the two brothers of John Nicholas Emerick. They are represented by Fred H. Rees of New York, Calvin J. Hoey of St. Louis, Evan B. Lewis of Philadelphia, and Charles W. Letzgus of Camden, N.J.

They demand an accounting of two thirds of the properties owned by the Astor-Emerick partnership and ask that the defendants, trustees and heirs of the Astor estate, be enjoined from transferring properties derived from the partnership pending determination of the suit. They also demand a complete accounting of all property transfers between the date of the 90-year-trust agreement and March, 1848, the date of the first Astor's death.

Besides the banks acting as trustees for the Astor estate, the defendants named include William Vincent Astor, a great-great-great-grandson of the original Astor.

New York Times, May 26, 1928, pp.1 & 2, cols. 2 & 7.


Times Square Land Involved -- Papers Found Last April Tell of Trader's Compact.

 Heirs of John Nicholas Emerick, furrier, merchant and business associate of Stephen Girard, began suit in the United States District Court yesterday for two-thirds of the proceeds of the estate of John Jacob Astor Sr., who founded the Astor family and fortune in this country and died March 29, 1848.

According to the bill of complaint filed yesterday, Emerick met Astor when he was a poor boy, taught him the business, made him a one-third trustee of his estate for ninety years, after which it was to be divided amoung the descendants of Emerick's brothers, Christopher and Valentine. John Nicholas Emerick being a bachelor.

The plaintiffs contend that the Astor descendants have not complied with the terms of the trust agreement, but have "concealed the assets of the said partnership and fraudulently converted and conveyed the same along with their property." They ask that the defendants be enjoined from disposing of all property growing out of the partnership and that a receiver be appointed to take over all such property and preserve the interest of the plaintiffs until an accurate statement is obtained.

Say Lawyer Admitted Debt.

Although no accounting has ever been made to the Emerick heirs, the papers assert that in 1902 a legal representative of the estate of John Jacob Astor Sr, admitted that "there was at that time a trust fund and estate arising out of the partnership which had existed between John Nicholas Emerick and John Jacob Astor, Sr., which fun then amounted to $39,000,000."

Legal representatives of the heirs would make no estimate yesterday of the amount they sought in the suit, merely saying that the figure by now would be huge, but that not even a guess was possible until an accounting of the Astor estate had been obtained.

The three complainants named when the suit was filed represent about 900 heirs residing in forty States and in Canada, Phillipine Islands and Germany. The plaintiffs are Edna Carnahan of Eau Claire, Wis; Christina Campbell of Appleton, Wis, and John Thomas Emerick of Waukegan, IL.

The defendants are Charles A. Peabody, trustee of the estate of the first John Jacob Astor, the Farmers Loan and Trust Company, trustee of the estate of the second John Jacob Astor, who died in the Titanic disaster, and William Vincent Astor as legatee and trustee of the second John Jacob Astor yesterday that they planned to press the suit vigorously and that they hoped for an early conclusion. They planned to file the will of John Nicholas Emerick, which had been found with other papers that enabled them to go forward with the suit, in Philadelphia soon.

Papers Found Last April.

Last April some of the necessary papers were found in an old leather chest that had been the property of Emerick the merchant, which was then in the possession of Edna Carnahan. Some of the documents were in the lining at the top of the box, the lawyers said, and another was found in a small antique snuff box. These documents, they believe, will prove accurate a belief, that has existed among Emerick's descendants for about 100 years, that they had an interest in part of the Astor estate.

The documents filed with the complaint are the alleged partnership agreement and a statement signed by Emerick in which he explained that he had left other papers in his trunk to safeguard his estate and expressed distrust of Astor. The partnership agreement reads:

"The Articles of Agreement Witnesseth: That we, the undersigned, have this day entered in a contract of co-partnership with headquarters at New York, the proceeds of the said business to be divided two thirds to John N. Emerick and one-third to John J. Astor; that each agrees with the other to give faithful attention to the partnership business. This agreement shall apply to transactions made by either of the undersigned in the fur trade shipping business, merchandise, or any other business transaction in which either shall be engaged.

In witness have hereunto set our hand and seal this 20th day of June, 1787.

John M. Emerick,
John Jacob Astor."

Tells of Distrust of Astor.

The other document is signed "John Nicholas Emerick" and is dated Oct. 24, 1815, at Germantown, PA. It says:

"This is to certify that I, John Nicholas Emerick two-thirds joint owner and partner of John Jacob Astor have left in trust with said partner my estate for a period of 90 years after which time said estate together with the accumulations there from shall be given to and divided between the descendants of my two brothers Christopher and Valentine that said heirs shall be advertised for every ten years until found and due settlement made.

 I further state John Astor was a poor boy I loan him money and teach him the business.

Further state I value one million dollars and I own ships, and 35 acres of land at New York City, partly inside the present city limits.

4,000 acres land in the coal belt Berks County Pennsylvania adjoining Stephen Girard with whom I was once associated in business, 300 acres partly in the city of Germantown and other small acreage.

I have made other legal papers, but fearing Astor as he is not the man I thought when I made him my partner, I am leaving papers in my trunk to safeguard my estate."

The land located in the New York City is bounded by Broadway, Sixth Avenue and Forty-second and Forty-third streets.

Some of the Emerick heirs are wealthy, according to Mr. Hoy, but the cost of the work so far has been borne by contributions from members of the John Nicholas Emerick Heirs Association.

 NEW YORK, May 26.--The ghost of John Jacob Astor stalked through United States district court here today, where $39,000,000 of the Astor estate is sought by 900 heirs of John Nicholas Emerick, who died in Philadelphia a century ago.

Emerick, a furrier, merchant and business associate of Stephen Girard, was a partner of Astor, according to a bill of complaint filed. It is confirmed by petitioners that he met Astor when the latter was a poor boy, taught him the fur business, made him a one-third partner in 1787 and later made him trustee of his estate for ninety years, after which it was to be divided among the descendants of Emerick's two brothers.

The defendants are Charles A. Peabody, trustee of the estate of John Jacob Astor, Sr., estate; the Farmers' Loan and Trust company, trustee of John P. Astor, a son, William B. Astor and William Vincent Astor, great-grandson of the founder of the Astor wealth.

Action was not taken before, according to the complaint, because it was only in April that one of the plaintiffs found an "old leather chest once the property of John Nicholas Emerick" stored away and a relic of her ancestors, in which certain documents were found."

The plaintiffs in the action are Edna Carnahan, of Eau Claire, Wis., Christina Campbell, of Appleton, Wis., and John Thomas Emerick, of Waukegan, Ill., all descendants of Christopher Emerick, a brother of John Nicholas Emerick.

28 June 1928


Four weeks after learning that he was the direct heir to ten million dollars, Alfred E. Ullom of the Camp Keltner neighborhood died without ever having seen the tremendous fortune that had come to him. Mr. Ullom was found dead in the morning when called to breakfast by his family at his home some 15 miles southeast of Elkhart. Death was evidently due to heart trouble and he died while he slept..

The fortune concerning which Mr. Ullom received definite information less than a month ago will in all probability descend to his children, although his death may involve the vast sum of money in still further litigation. The inheritance was to come to Mr. Ullom from a great uncle who was a partner of John Jacob Astor in the fur business more than a century ago, and the money has been tied up in his estate for that length of time. A will made by the great uncle was recently found among the effects of Astor, the fur king, and immediate effort was made to execute the will.

 By terms of the will the money was to remain in escrow until after the death of the last of the second generation of heirs and it is believed that Mr. Ullom is the final one to go so that the principal may be distributed soon.

Alfred Ullom was born May 12, 1847, in Virginia, and died at the age of 81 years, two months and 14 days. He had lived in Texas county for more than 20 years, having come from Illinois. He is survived by his wife and several children, two of which, Lawrence and Frank live on the home place.

Funeral services will be held at the home tomorrow at 10 in the morning under the direction of Rev. D.P.Smith, pastor of the Church of God. Ralph Peacock, undertaker, will take the body to Guymon from where it will be taken to Coffeyville for interment.

 Died July 26, 1928.
Buried at Elmwood Cemetery, Coffeyville, KS.
Block 19, Lot 1, Plot 7.


New York, July 10 -- (U.S.) -- A tract of land, known as the Medrif farm. When the late John Jacob Astor purchased it 150 years ago for $34,000, Wednesday has an assessed valuation in excess of one billion dollars, realty figures disclosed.

 The original Medrif farm extended from what is now Columbus circle directly through the center of Manhattan island to old Wall Street. What was once a cowpath on the Astor tract is now the "great white way" section of Broadway.

New York Times, September 15, 1928, p. 10, Col. 14.


Attorneys for 900 Heirs of Alleged Partner Oppose Motion to Dismiss.

Deny Limitations Apply.

Counsel for Big Estate Assert Case is from 11 to 84 Years Too Late. Decision Reserved.

Federal Judge Thomas D. Thacher listened for two hours yesterday to arguments on motions to dismiss a suit for two-thirds of the estate of John Jacob Astor Sr, founder of the Astor fortune, who died March 29, 1848. The three complainants, who represent about 900 heirs of John Nicholas Emerick, an alleged business partner of the senior Astor are Edna Carnaham of Eau Claire, Wis; Christina Campbell of Appleton, Wis, and John Thomas Emerick of Waukegan, IL.

The argument on behalf of the motion was made by J.M.R. Leyeth of Carter, Ledyard and Milburn, counsel for William Vincent Astor, legatee and trustee of John Jacob Astor, Jr. and George Mittendorf of Taylor, Blanc, Capren and Marsh, counsel for the Farmers Loan and Trust Company as trustee of the estate of the second John Jacob Astor, who died at sea in the Titanic disaster.

It is alleged in the complaint that the senior Astor made Emerick a one-third partner in 1787 and that one Oct. 24, 1815, shortly before his death in 1816, Emerick made Mr. Astor a trustee of his estate for ninety years, at the end of which time the property was to be divided among the descendants of Emrick's brothers, Christopher and Valentine, John Nicholas Emerick being unmarried.

Fraudulent Conversion Charged.

The plaintiffs charge that the Astor descendants have not fulfilled the terms of the trust but have "concealed the assets of the said partnership and fraudulently converted and conveyed the same along with their property."

Mr. Leyeth argued for a dismissal of the suit on the ground that the complaint does not sustain a cause of action and that it also is barred by the statute of limitations. The plaintiffs, Mr. Leyeth recited, excuse the delay in bringing action by declaring that it was not until last April that Mrs. Edna Carnahan discovered the essential papers telling of the compact in a leather chest which had belonged to Emerick. This, he said, did not "fit in" with a statement he complaint that in 1902 a legal representative of the Astor estate had "admitted" that the Astor heirs held a "trust fund" left by Emerick which then amounted to $39,000,000 in bonds in real property.

Mr. Leyeth argued that the complaint showed no cause of action under the alleged partnership agreement. It contained the conclusions and not allegations of fact, he said.

"They must prove," Mr. Leyeth maintained, "that Emerick left no will and that none of his heirs left a will or assignment of property. The limitation bars to this suit range from eleven to eighty-four years. The defendants never heard of John Nicholas Emerick until this action was brought. If trust papers were ever executed by Mr. Astor the chances are he made an accounting. We have no means of knowing. Emerick died in 1816 and Mr. Astor in 1848. If Emerick's heirs had any claim it is reasonable to suppose they would have enforced it and if they didn't, they were negligent."

Mr. Mittendorf outlined the statues of limitations which he said barred the suit as did the rules of equity. He said there could be no joint action in behalf of the plaintiffs because "the title of each one depends upon an entirely different chain of evidence." He said that, if the suit were maintained, the Astor heirs might be subjected to an "endless series of harassing actions" and the entire Astor fortune "frittered away."

Court Differs in Argument.

Evans B. Lewis in Philadelphia, counsel for the Emerick heirs, argued that the statute of limitations was not effective where fraud and concealment are alleged. After Mr. Lewis had announced that he was in possession of a will executed by Emerick on Aug. 4, 1816, and again declared there could be no lapse of rights in case of fraud, the Court interjected;

"I'll say frankly it doesn't seem to me you can excuse laxness. Emerick said he left papers to protect his legal interests. Would you maintain you could wait 300 years and then make a demand?"

"Yes, sir. The longer the time the greater the duty. The statute of limitations only runs from the date of the discovery of fraud."

"Is it your theory," asked Judge Thacher, "that your clients are not chargeable with laxness? Emerick's estate had the paper he left. That it was not discovered by your clients is no proof their ancestors didn't know. I shall have to assume it was in their possession. If you want me to speculate, I should say that all your inferences were utterly absurd."

Calvin I. Hoy of St. Louis, also of counsel for the Emerick heirs, asserted that there could "be no laxness in asserting a right we had no reason to be aware of."

"The difficulty is," observed Judge Thacher, "that you have said nothing of laxness on the part of the plaintiff's ancestors in not proceeding. It doesn't seem to me it is enough to say that the present generation didn't know. Even if everything you say is true, it is absurd to say that Emerick's next of kin didn't know of the property. The courts were open. They could have demanded an accounting."

Decision was reserved. Judge Thacher gave counsel for the defense three weeks to file briefs and counsel for the plaintiffs two weeks more to file their answer.

The New York Times, Friday, December 7, 1928, p. 31, Col. 2.

Heirs of John N. Emerick Sought Two-Thirds of Estate of the First John Jacob.


Documents of 1815 and 1816 Recited Befriending of Astor, Then Called "Poor Boy."

The suit of the heirs of John Nicholas Emerick for two-thirds of the proceeds of the estate of John Jacob Astor Sr., founder of the Astor family and fortune in this country, was dismissed yesterday by Federal Judge Thacher. The property sued for amounted to upward of $35,000,000. Mr. Astor died March 29, 1848.

The action was based on allegations that Mr. Emerick, furrier, merchant and business associate of Stephen Girard, had befriend Mr. Astor when he was poor, taught him the business and, in 1787, made him a one-third partner and later a trustee of his estate for ninety years. Then it was to be divided among the descendants of Mr. Emerick's brothers, Christopher and Valentine. John Nicholas Emerick was a bachelor.

It was alleged that no accounting had ever been made, that the Astor descendants had failed to comply with the terms of the trust agreement, and that in 1902 a legal representative of the estate of John Jacob Astor, Sr. had admitted that there was at that time a trust fund and estate arising out of the partnership between Mr. Astor and Mr. Emerick which amounted to $39,000,000.

Delay in pressing the action was explained by the statement that some of the necessary papers, including the will dated August 4, 1816, had not been found. Later, it was said, the papers needed in the action had been found in an old leather trunk formerly owned by Emerick the merchant. This discovery was made last April.

With the complaint was filed a copy of the partnership agreement between Mr. Emerick and Mr. Astor. Another document, date Oct. 24, 1815, at Germantown, PA, explained the trust. In this document appears the statement that Mr. Astor "was a poor boy. I loan him money and teach him the business." This statement also appears; " I have made other legal papers but fearing Astor as he is not the man I thought when I made him my partner I am leaving papers in my trunk to safeguard my estate."

So many of the Emerick heirs appeared that they agreed to designate three to sign the complaint. These were eda Carnahan, John Thomas Emerick, and Christina Campbell. The defendants were Charles A. Peabody, and the Farmers Loan and Trust Company, trustees of the estate, and William Vincent Astor, a legatee and trustee of the second John Jacob Astor.

In his decision Judge Thacher said that the alleged trust was void under the laws of New York and Pennsylvania in force prior to the death of John Nicholas Emerick, which occurred Dec. 16, 1816, and that therefore neither the defendants nor any of the hundreds of other alleged heirs and descendants of Emerick was entitled to sue.

"The plaintiffs sue as heirs and descendants of Christopher and Valentine Emerick," ran the decision. "They do not claim as heirs and descendants of John Nicholas Emerick, nor does it appear who his heirs and next of kin were. To succeed they must therefore trace their title through the trusts declared by John Nicholas Emerick during his lifetime and confirmed in his will. If these trusts be void this suit must fail."

Judge Thacher said that the controlling desire of John Nicholas Emerick had been to place beyond reach of a living descendant of his two brothers any share in his estate and the futurity was thus annexed to the substance of the gift itself and postponed until after ninety years.

"It follows that upon the death of John Nicholas Emerick," the decision said, "His heirs and next of kin succeeded to his estate, including the right, if any there is, to an accounting of the property here in question, and the plaintiffs have no standing, as they do not claim under them. This conclusion results in the dismissal of the complaint with costs, and makes unneccessary the consideration of any other question."

Taylor, Blanc, Capron & Marsh appeared as attorneys of Mr. Peabody and the Farmers' Loan and Trust Company; Carter, Ledyard & Milburn appeared for Mr. Astor, and the plaintiffs were represented by Evans, Hunt & Rees of this city, Calvin I. Hoy of St. Louis, Evan B. Lewis of Philadelphia, Joseph Renard of St. Louis and Charles B. Latzgus of Camden.

John Jacob Astor: Business Man. By Kenneth Wiggins Porter. (New York; Russell & Russell, 1966). Vol. 1, p. 45, no. 45.
"it may be well to mention the claim recently made by persons professing to be the descendants of the brothers of John Nicholas Emerick of Germantown to a share in the Astor estate, asserting that on June 20, 1789, a partnership agreement between John Nicholas Emerick and John Jacob Astor was signed, the former having a two-thirds interest in the partnership and the latter the remainder. According to another alleged document, Emerick on October 24, 1815, still describing himself as "two-thirds joint owner and partner of John Jacob Astor, "mentioned a trust fund in the hands of Astor, established for the heirs of his brother, which was to continue for ninety years and finally stated that "fearing Astor as he is not the man I thought when I made him my partner I AM LEAVING PAPERS IN MY TRUNK TO SAFEGUARD MY ESTATE."

. . . It is, of course, at least possible that Emerick and Astor were once partners, though no other evidence of that alleged fact save papers asserted to be in the hands of the plaintiffs has ever appeared. Consequently, it is too early to make any definite statement as to the alleged Emerick-Astor partnership. Nor is it necessary to point out the inconsistencies in the statement of the case given above. The above statements on this case are from the NEW YORK TIMES, May 26, 1928, p. 1 & 2, cols. 2 & 7; September 15, 1928, p. 10, col 4; December 7, 1928, p. 31, col. 2.

Genealogy Scams

I was going through some CD’s that came with our
Family Tree Maker computer program and hit pay dirt! For example, one of the genealogy sample books was called “By the Name of EMERICH, EMERICK, EMMERICH, EMRICH, AND EMRICK.” By Kenneth D. Haines. (Mid-Atlantic Genealogies: 1340-1940 CD; Family Tree Maker, Broderband Learning Co; 1998). In the introduction, it covers the supposed lawsuit against the John Jacob Astor estate. I extracted the above newspaper articles family members sent me about the lawsuit. Mr. Haines says the “lawsuit” against the Astor Estate is one of the oldest scams around. He mentions a group in Eau Claire, WI who were collecting Emrich family trees and gathering monies for the “lawsuit” against Astor which Hannah Ullom Warner mentions in her letter here. Supposedly her father, Alford Ullom, made up a chart to send to the group, but I have never seen a copy.

So as you research your family, beware of those get-rich-quick schemes out there. If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is. With the advent of the telephone and the internet, it’s easier to research the legitimacy of a thing than it was back in my great-grandfather’s day, but all the same, be careful!

More to Read:1. Alford Ullom
2. Hannah's April 18, 1929 Heirship Letter
3. Hannah Emerick Ullom's Findagrave Memorial
4. “By the Name of EMERICH, EMERICK, EMMERICH, EMRICH, AND EMRICK.” By Kenneth D. Haines. (Mid-Atlantic Genealogies: 1340-1940 CD; Family Tree Maker, Broderband Learning Co; 1998).
John Jacob Astor's Findagrave Memorial
6. Wikipedia article on
John Jacob & Sarah Todd Astor

Saturday, October 17, 2015

The Dalton's Raid on the Banks in Coffeyville, Kansas

Map of Coffeyville, Kansas
October 5, 1892
Yellow marks the spot where the Ullom Restaurant (Walnut St.) and
Farmer's Home (115 West 8th St.) were located. 
To enlarge, click on photo and zoom screen until you can see the map clearly.
The Daltons Are Dead!
They Have Made Their Last Raid – Bob, Emmet and Grat All Bite the Dust.
A Daring Attempt to Rob the Banks at Coffeyville, Kas, Results in the Loss of Ten Lives.
Intense Excitement as the News Goes Broadcast.
Bob Dalton, desperado.
Grat Dalton, desperado.
Tom Heddy, desperado.
Joe Mingo, desperado,
C.T. Connelly, marshal of Coffeyville.
George Cubine, merchant.
Charles Brown, shoemaker.

Emmett Dalton, desperado.
Thomas G. Ayers, cashier First Nat. bank.
Lucius Baldwin, clerk in Brown’s shoe store.

T. Reynolds, citizen.
Louis Dietz, citizen.
The Dalton band of outlaws, the most notorious in the West, was wiped off the face of the earth at Coffeyville, Kansas, yesterday, but in the battle which resulted in their extermination three good citizens were killed and two fatally wounded.

The desperadoes, who had grown bolder as they thought that they were above all law and that the officers of the country were powerless against them, had attempted to raid, the banks of this their old home when they met the fate which they so well merited, but which they had heretofore escaped. Had they confined their efforts to train robbery they might now be alive, but emulation of the James boys proved their deaths. This was their first attempt at bank robbery and their last piece of outlawry.


The six outlaws rode into Coffeyville together on horseback about 9:30 o’clock and leaving their horses in an alley, walked rapidly across the square and four entered Condon’s banks and two the First National.

At Condon’s bank the desperadoes were told by Cashier Ball that the time lock would not be open until 10 o’clock, so holding their Winchesters on Ball and Teller Charles Carpenter, said they would wait, taking meanwhile, the money in the drawer.

Bob and Emmett Dalton were the two who took in the First National. Here were Cashier Ayers, his son Bert and Teller W. II. Shepherd. They were forced to give all the money in the safe which was hastily shoved into bags.

The Daltons then forced the three out of the front door and followed right after them.


The alarm had in the meantime been given and as the outlaws appeared George Cubine, a merchant, and Express Agent Cox shot at one of them, badly wounding him. The outlaws then returned the fire, killing Cubine.

The robbers in Condon & Co., bank shot out of the window, hitting Ayers and Brown.

Both robbers ran back through the bank when they were met by Baldwin and fatally wounded him.

The citizens being thoroughly aroused by this time, were after them hot and heavy and after a fight in which City Marshall Connelly was killed succeeded in killing the four desperadoes named and mortally wounded Emmet.


Jim Spears, a livery stable keeper, with Winchester rifle, killed three of the outlaws in as many seconds. This created such a diversion that other citizens were enabled to get close enough to kill another one of the robbers.

The two remaining robbers dropped their plunder and mounted their horses, but a posse was quickly in pursuit and one more of the bandit gang fell from his horse mortally wounded about two miles from town. The sixth and last was still being pursued at latest accounts.

The man who got away is supposed to be Allie Ogee.

All of the money was recovered to a cent and turned over to the banks.


Emmet Dalton has made a partial confession that his gang was the same that robbed the Pacific express car on the Missouri, Kansas & Texas railroad at Adair station in the Indian Territory last July and committed other daring robberies.
The Coffeyville Journal
(Coffeyville, KS, Elliott Printing Co, Friday, October 7, 1892)

Column 2, Paragraph 1, Line 50, Page 2 – Emmett Dalton was removed to Dr. Well's office and dressed.

Col. 7, Paragraph 1, Page 2 – Sheriff Callahan made preparations to remove Emmett Dalton to the jail at Independence this morning, but was compelled to abandon the attempt on account of the manifest disposition of the people to resist anything of the kind. It is safe to say that Dalton would have been taken away from the sheriff and hung, if the sheriff had taken him out of the room where he is confined at the Farmer's Hotel.
Col. 7, Paragraph 3, Page 2 – It was the intention of the Daltons to leave their horses at the hitch rack north of Ullm's restaurant and in front of McCoy's, but they found the street in that locality all torn up and piles of rocks stacked about and the hitching posts gone. They were compelled to change their plans at the last moment. They would have had ten chances in one in escaping from the city had their first plan not been interfered with. They dropped into a place where our people had them at a decided disadvantage.
The Dalton Brothers and Their Astounding Career of Crime. By an Eyewitness. (Chicago, Laird & Lee, 1892; reprinted by New York, Jingle-Bob, 1977).
p. 142 -- The landlord of the queer little hostlery, the sketch of which is to be found in this little volume and which was called by the rather ambitious name of the Farmer's Home, told his friends, since the destruction of the Dalton gang set his tongue free-that, more than once, had he been awakened, in the dead of night by Bob knocking at his window, he had been forced, on those occasions, to admit the robber chief and those of his men that were with him. The landlady had been called upon to prepare a warm supper for the "gentlemen of the highway." and to accept their thanks--instead of their money. At the time, the terror those precocious bandits inspired was such that there was no thought of refusing them anything or any imprudent talking, the next day, over the incident.
p. 197 - Emmett Dalton passed this first night in continuous pain. Amputation of his arm was suggested, but he would not consent. At noon of the next day, he was removed to the Farmer's Home, the little frame boarding-house the Dalton brothers used to patronize on their nightly excursions and there he lay in the front room of the smaller building, for the next five days, exposed to the gaze of hundreds.

Coffeyville Journal, July 28, 1928, p. 1, Col. 6. --
Rites for Pioneer Hotel Man Will be Conducted at Skinner's -- Burial in Elmwood.
The body of Alford Ullom, 81 years old, pioneer hotel operator of Coffeyville, who died at his farm home near Elkhart, Kan., Thursday, arrived here this afternoon and was taken to the Skinner funeral home to lie in state until the funeral hour tomorrow.
Funeral services will be held in the chapel of the Skinner funeral home tomorrow afternoon at 2 o'clock, conducted by Rev. O.P.Garlock, pastor of the United Brethren church. Burial will be in Elmwood cemetery by the side of his first wife, Mrs. Samantha J. Ullom, who died here in 1891.
Died July 26, 1928
Buried at Elmwood Cemetary, Coffeyville, KS.
Block 19, Lot 1, Plot 7.
The Farmer's Home on 8th Street.

(Note: Building farthest to your left.)
Coffeyville Journal, Saturday, July 28, 1928 --


Bert Ullom, Indianapolis bricklayer here to attend the funeral of his father, Alford Ullom, who died Thursday at his home near Elkhart, Kan., this morning grew reminiscent of early days in Coffeyville, which he left with his parents in 1892. He had not seen the town since until he arrived here yesterday.

Ullom's father, who will be buried tomorrow afternoon at 2, kept the old Farmers' Home hotel, which stood at the corner of Eighth and Walnut streets, on the site now occupied by the Florae drug store.

Ullom, who was a youth of twenty years when the Dalton raid took place, remembers distinctly incidents that occurred in Coffeyville on that day, and this morning stated that Emmett Dalton, the youngest member of the marauding band, after he was shot from his horse as he prepared to leave town when all of his comrades had been slain, was carried to the office of Dr. Walter H. Wells, over the old Slosson drug store.

After the youth's wounds were dressed, according to Ullom, Emmett was removed from Dr. Wells' office to what was then known as the Upham building, standing on the site of the present Traction building. Emmett never was taken to the Farmers' Home, Ullom declared.

Ullom, who lived with his parents in the Farmer's Home, heard shots in the street that memorable day, and, fired with boyish curiosity, tore excitedly out into the street. Grat Dalton had just come out of the Condon National Bank, and young Ullom stopped not ten feet from the outlaw and saw the Daltons shoot down two shoemakers, Brown and Cubine, who had appeared across the street.

After the battle had ended by the deaths of the gangsters, the mother of the Dalton boys came to Coffeyville and put up at the Farmers Home, while she saw three of her sons buried and one sent to the state prison.

Ullom came here last night for the funeral of his father and plans to return to Indianapolis tomorrow night. He grew to manhood in this city, and was a boyhood friend to Mayor Harry Lang, on whom he called this morning.

Mr. Ullom, who formerly operated the old Farmers Home hotel here at Eighth and Walnut Streets, left here with his family in January, 1892, and after living a time at Streator, IL., moved to Elkhart, where he lived until his death Thursday.

He is survived by his second wife, Mrs. Tacy Ullom, formerly Miss Tacy Berry of Coffeyville, and thirteen children. There are six children by his first wife; Mrs. Linna Karstedt of Indianapolis, Mrs. Hannah Warner of Chicago, Mrs. J. H. Nixon of Chicago, Bert Ullom of Indianapolis, Clarence Ullom of Los Angeles and James Ullom of Houston. The seven children by his second wife are Mrs. Mabel Griffith, Miss Laura Ullom, Frank Ullom, Lawrence Ullom, Ronald Ullom, John Ullom, all of Elkhart, and E. C. Ullom of Streator, IL. Practically all of the relatives will be here for the funeral.

The deceased was born May 12, 1847, in Wetzel County, W.Va. He came to Coffeyville with his family about 1878, and operated hotels at different locations here until 1892.

A sister of his second wife, Mrs. Fay Clark, lives at 1512 Walnut street.
Clarence Ullom Remembers, March 21, 1929 --


Conversation concerning "tough hombres" and "bad men" in the Shultz and Holder Barber Shop the other morning prompted CL Ullom, proprietor of the Golden Rule Coffee Shop to relate his personal reminiscences of the Dalton brothers who terrorized Southeastern Kansas and the Osage country adjoining in the early 90's.

Mr. Ullom went to school with Emmet Dalton, the youngest of the gang and knew the other boys personally, he said. He was in Coffeyville when the gang was wiped out following an attempted bank robbery. Emmet, his old school mate who was 19 years old on the day of the affray, was shot down in the streets of Coffeyville with 24 buck shot in his back. He was taken into the office of Mr. Ullom's father, who died but recently on his Texas County farm east of Elkhart, and given medical treatment. Upon hearing that a mob was on its way to get him for hanging, young Dalton asked for a gun and asked everyone to clear out and let him meet the mob. He was taken to the penitentiary from Coffeyville, Mr. Ullom said.
The Old Timers As I Remember Them. By Chester C. Tucker. c.1963.

ULLUM CAFÉ = was run by a brother of John and Ronald Ullum. He called it the Golden Rule Café. It was located in the Muney building.
When the Daltons Rode
By Emmett Dalton in collaboration with Jack Jungmeyer.
(Garden City, NY, Doubleday, 1931)

p. 234 – We were . . . acquainted with all the prominent merchants and with every law officer of the town of Coffeyville.

p. 262 – After the Coffeyville battle I was carried to a vacant room above Slausson's Drugstore. There I lay on a long bare table the rest of that day and night. It was thought I should die of my many and serious wounds. The following afternoon I was removed to a room in the little hotel where I lay five days more.

p. 263 – In the hotel room I was under the watch of a single guard most of the time.

p. 264 – With ghoulish curiosity the visitors thronged the streets. They gaped up at the window of my hotel room.
Coffeyville Journal, Tues. October 19, 1937 --

Widow of Early-day Farmer's Hotel Proprietor in Coffeyville Succumbed Yesterday.
Mrs. Tacy E. Ullom, 69, widow of Alfred Ullom, proprietor of the Farmer's hotel here before leaving Coffeyville forty-two years ago, died yesterday at Elkhart, Kan. She had been in failing health six years, and had been confined to bed part-time since suffering a hip injury in a fall last January. She was born July 30, 1868, in Washington.

The Farmer's hotel was at the intersection of the alley at the 100 block on West Eighth street, the present location of the Traction building. Emmett Dalton, wounded in the raid on the banks here in 1892, remained at the Farmer's hotel while convalescing, early-day residents recalled today.

Mrs. Ullom is survived by two daughters, Mrs. Mable Griffith and Miss Laura B. Ullom, both of Elkhart: six sons, Ellsworth of Streator, Ill. and Lawrence, Ronald, Frank, John and Clarence of Elkhart; one sister, Mrs. Fay Clark, 1512 Walnut street, Coffeyville; and one brother, Levett Berry of Warner, Okla.

The body will be removed here tomorrow. Funeral services, in charge of the Rev. James E. Ivy, pastor of the First Church of God will be held at 2:30 o'clock Thursday afternoon at the Skinner funeral home. Burial will be in Elmwood cemetery, beside the remains of Mr. Ullom, who died nine years ago.
Died: October 18, 1937
Buried at Elmwood Cemetery, Coffeyville, Kansas
Block 19, Lot 1, Plot
Emmett Dalton lying in his room in the Farmer's Home.

The Dalton Gang.
By Harold Preece
(New York, Signet Books, 1963.)
pp. 130-131 – Kansas living on the border of turbulent Oklahoma had became as fearful as their forebears who had been compelled to put up with Missouri as a neighbor. But the Daltons also had friends and tickbirds in the Jayhawker state, including men who did business with Brother Bill and a certain Coffeyville innkeeper who was always ready to extend them hospitality in stealthy post-midnight visits.
p. 163 – Later, when prices had accumulated on their heads, making post-midnight visits to a hotel called the Farmer's Rest, where the frightened -- or, maybe, friendly -- proprietor always scraped them up a meal.
pp. 189-190 – On the next morning, Emmett was moved to the Farmers' Home Hotel.
p. 197 – Only on October 8, three days after the robbery, did Ransom Payne arrive to play his bit part in the Dalton drama. He called on Emmett, sick and shot up, at the Farmer's Rest Hotel.
p. 210 – No authentic history of the Daltons could be written during his [Emmett's] lifetime; invariably he threatened to sue the author. No magazine article could be published unless it featured his distorted interpretations, make the brothers look like lightly transgressing angels. He was constantly on the lookout for authors who would do the Dalton story according to Emmett.

Outlaws on Horseback.
By Harry Sinclair Drago
(New York; Dodd, Mead, & Co., 1964).

p. 229 -- the bloodiest fifteen minutes in the annuals of Western outlawry. Four citizens killed; four wounded among the defenders. On the other side of the ledger, Bob and Grat Dalton, Dick Broadwell and Bill Powers were dead, Emmett lying helpless in the Farmers' Home, a small inn on Eighth Street, to which he had been removed after the battle by Sheriff Callahan and placed under guards.
By Our Calculations, at the time of the Raid:
Clarence Ullom, 1st son of Alford & Samantha Pitman Ullom (d. 1891) was 22 yrs.
Bert, 20 yrs.
Jim, 18 yrs.
Hannah, 13 yrs.
Lina, 11 yrs.
Ollie, 7 yrs.
Alford & 2nd wife: Miss Tacy Berry, were married September 22, 1892, approximately 12 days before the raid.
More to Read:
1. Alford Ullom Biography
2. The Dalton Defenders Museum
3. Emmett Dalton website
4. Emmett Dalton's Findagrave Memorial #3568
5. Dalton Gang Photograph (small boy's face peering through the fence is Ray H. Clark).
6. Wikipedia article on the Daltons

Saturday, September 19, 2015

Border Ballads

My husband and I enjoyed Hank Roberts' and Tom Refiner's "Border Ballads" concert down at the Bates County Historical Society Museum in Butler, MO. this morning along with a donation luncheon afterwards.

Tom wrote two books about Brig. Gen. Thomas Ewing's Order No. 11 that affected the citizens in Jackson, Cass, Bates, and the northern edge of Vernon County in August of 1863. My 3rd great-grandfather, Martin White had passed away by that time ( April 21, 1862), so it didn't affect him, but it did his wife, Kiturah, and the rest of their family. They heard about the order a little late, so only had a few days before the deadline to vacate Bates County. They moved across the county line into Henry County about half-way between Germantown and present-day Montrose, Mo. They lived there until after the Civil War and then returned home. One third of the citizens of Bates County returned and those that did, had to pay back property taxes during the years of the war. Those who could not afford to pay, forfeited their land.
Tom had an idea for a collaboration after hearing Hank's concert during the Order No. 11 Memorial Marker dedication last year in Butler (March 22, 2014). Hank agreed and the rest is history, so to speak! Tom gave Hank especially moving stories he read during his research which Hank composed into ballads. He sang a few today as a teaser to their CD which has thirteen songs altogether.  I purchased Tom's second book today for $25.00 -- "Cinders and Silence: A Chronicle of Missouri's Burnt District 1854-1870." Burnt District Press, Harrisonville, MO. 2013, which he signed for me.  As in his first book, "Caught Between Three Fires," Tom wrote about Martin in his second also, but with a correction to the story concerning Martin's "demise" at the hands of Charles Jennison.

You see, Martin had been "killed" a number of times in the papers since the summer of 1856 in the territory of Kansas and Missouri, but, then, oops!, he shows up alive somewhere.  I know several recent authors who have mistakenly written about Martin's death based on one or two newspaper articles, however, at the time that Jennison supposedly killed Martin in Morristown, MO., Martin was on his way south to Republic, MO.  (Wilson's Creek) with the Missouri State Guards. And speaking of Wilson's Creek, Tom is currently researching R.L.Y. Peyton  who was Martin's Colonel in the Missouri State Guard. You can find all about his other projects on his website.

To purchase either Hank's CD's or Tom's books, please visit their websites which are linked into their names above in the first paragraph. By the way, my husband took a photo of us together for my blog post today. Thanks, guys! You did good!  :)


Saturday, August 29, 2015

Millard and Ethel Akers

Photo courtesy of Aker family
Rev. Millard Merle Akers (1890-1945) = Carpenter, School teacher, Farmer, Minister. Millard was born to Oliver and Clara Isabelle (Shaffer) Akers in Linn County, Kansas near Mound City on August 7. The Akers emigrated to Seward County, KS. Millard learned the carpenter trade from his father and then became a school teacher when he grew up and taught two years after he married his wife, Ethel Julia (1890-1974; great-granddaughter of Elder Martin White) on November 6, 1910 at her parent’s home, Alfred Jefferson and Fannie Viola (Bogart) White, east of Liberal, KS.
To this union, six children were born – Richard, Alfred, Fannie, Nellie, Arlene, and Donald. Richard, Alfred, and Don owned menswear clothing stores in Kansas – Richard, Pioneer Men’s Store in Elkhart; Alfred, Al’s Clothing in Kinsley; and Don in Dodge City. Fannie worked in the canteen at the Veterans Hospital in Wichita, KS; Nellie was a nurse and Arlene was a teacher and pastor’s wife.
Millard and Ethel moved to Baca County, Colorado after his school teaching days to a claim about fifteen miles west of Elkhart, Kansas. During this period of time, he felt God calling him to ministerial work. He pastored Church of God (Anderson, IN.) churches in Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, Missouri, and Florida. He was the pastor at the Liberal, Kansas church when his youngest daughter, Arlene was born. Millard filled the pulpit of the Pleasant Prairie Church of God near Satanta, KS. from time to time during the year of 1938-39 when the church was without a pastor. He was in Beaver County, Oklahoma at the time of his death with cancer on November 4, 1945. He was buried in Liberal’s city cemetery and Ethel was laid to rest next to him.

* I have happy memories of spending a week with Great-Aunt Ethel at her home in Liberal, KS during campmeeting one summer. She lived in a tiny bungalow across the street from the Church of God campmeeting tabernacle. Ethel’s granddaughter also had the privilege of staying that week too. Donna and I went shopping uptown, bought some liquid dip film in a can and wire to make plastic flowers from the dime store that was all the rage then and spent our week making bouquets of flowers to donate to the ladies missionary store on the campgrounds. The WOCG supplied linens and craft items to sell and the money collected went to help support Church of God missionaries, like Edna Thimes.

More to Read:
2. Haskell County, Kansas. 1887-1987. 100 Years Beneath the Plow, A Historical Anthology. Ed. By Janice Lee McClure, Haskell County Historical Society. Mennonite Press, Inc., Newton, Ks. 1988.
3. “The Old Timers: As I Remember Them” by Chester C. Tucker. Printed c. 1963
4. White’s Family and Their Kin. Mrs. Gladys Esther White O’Neal and Elma Leota White Stoops. Paper Graphics, Garden City, KS; 1983.
5. Findagrave #10328566
6. Elkhart Today, Episode 23

Places to Visit in KS:
1. Church of God campgrounds, Liberal
2. Pleasant Prairie Church of God, Satanta
3. Morton County, Kansas Historical Museum, (Pioneer Men's Store exhibit), US Highway 56,  Elkhart 

Tuesday, July 21, 2015

Nuts to Brick Walls

"Brick Walls" are when you've come to the end of your ancestral line research and you can go no farther. If you can't break through, because information is not available to you at that precise moment or what you found may be incorrect, then you might have to take a little detour around the brick wall. Find another family expert and pick their brains to see what they know, however, be forewarned, some genealogy nuts are harder to crack than others.
I've been researching one particular ancestor, Martin White,  and have found much new information which  has enriched the historical environment he lived in. I have found some of his FANS (friends, associates, and neighbors) and, with the help of others, have uncovered journals and letters by these people that mention him.  
A girlfriend sent me this funny this morning, knowing that I'm a history/genealogy nut too. Enjoy!
Nuts in the Cemetery

On the outskirts of a small town, there was a big, old pecan tree just inside the cemetery fence. One day, two boys filled up a bucketful of nuts and sat down by the tree, out of sight, and began dividing the nuts. "One for you, one for me, one for you, one for me, " said one boy. Several dropped and rolled down toward the fence.
Another boy came riding along the road on his bicycle. As he passed, he thought he heard voices from inside the cemetery. He slowed down to investigate. Sure enough, he heard, 'One for you, one for me, one for you, one for me!' He just knew what it was. He jumped back on his bike and rode off. Just around the bend he met an old man with a cane, hobbling along. 
'Come here quick,' said the boy, 'you won't believe what I heard! Satan and the Lord are down at the cemetery dividing up the souls!' 

The man said, 'Beat it kid, can't you see it's hard for me to walk.' When the boy insisted though, the man hobbled slowly to the cemetery. Standing by the fence they heard, 'One for you, one for me. One for you, one for me.' The old man whispered, 'Boy, you've been tellin' me the truth. Let's see if we can see the Lord.'

Shaking with fear, they peered through the fence, yet were still unable to see anything. The old man and the boy gripped the wrought iron bars of the fence tighter and tighter as they tried to get a glimpse of the Lord. 

At last they heard, 'One for you, one for me. That's all. Now let's go get those nuts by the fence and we'll be done.'

They say the old man had the lead for a good half-mile before the kid on the bike passed him.